Arrive Alive

                        Pedestrian Safety Manual and Advice


                        Many people know the horror of fatal accidents on our roads. Of the 10 thousand killed every year, more than 40% are pedestrians. Drivers MUST avoid pedestrians - though they are the least regulated or controlled by road users. They are the most difficult to persuade into safer road conduct. Neither the law nor protective measures built onto our roads seem able to make an impression.

                        Statistics show:

                        • It is important to be visible at night
                        • Alcohol must be avoided

                        On the other hand, pedestrians can misjudge the speed and distance of oncoming vehicles. A misunderstanding or non - adherence to basic rules of the road can lead to crashes.

                        Part 1: Pavements

                        You And The Law

                        The law states that where there is a pavement, no pedestrian should walk in the roadway. Pedestrians are advised to use pavements where available.

                        1. The Road To Safety Strategy

                        It is a strategic document of the National Department of Transport which mandates a set of coordinated actions that the Department will begin to lay secure foundations for legal compliance, responsibility and mutual respect on South Africa's roads. It focuses on creating systems and structures that work, and enforcement and adjudication measures that will bite. The strategy identifies six interlocking and overlapping focal areas requiring intervention in terms of both systems and structures and one of the six areas is Pedestrian safety and fitness [ safer road usage by pedestrians]

                        2. Where There Are No Pavements

                        Where there is no pavement, walk as far as possible to the right -hand side of the road, facing oncoming traffic. You are surely out of the way and can see vehicles long before they are close to you. You cannot be surprised by something coming up behind you - and if anything looks dangerous, you have enough time to step even further away from the road.

                        3. Sharing Pavement Space

                        When you use the pavement, remember to share the space with others. If other pedestrians have to step around you into the street - perhaps because you're chatting with friends or shopping on the street, you could cause them to be involved in an accident. How would you feel if you caused someone's injury or death?

                        Part 2: Street Crossing

                        1. Crossing

                        Many pedestrians are killed or injured by crossing the road carelessly. There is one simple rule

                        Always Stop And Look Before You Cross

                        • Look right, left and Right again for oncoming traffic.
                        • Cross only when the road is clear, looking in both directions and listening for oncoming traffic while crossing
                        • When you cross, walk briskly but don't run

                        2. Crossing at a Bus / Taxi Stop

                        When you intend crossing the street at a bus/ taxi stop, make sure that the straight section of the road you choose is clear of packed or stationary vehicles(which blocks your view). They will block your view of fast-moving traffic that might not see you approaching on time.

                        3. Controlled Crossing

                        Controlled crossings are the safest places to cross the street. Children, in particular, are safer when they are in the company of parents or adults who show them how to cross the street.

                        4. Crossing At Traffic Lights

                        Controlled crossings can also be at intersections with traffic lights or "robots".

                        • Keep between the solid white lines and watch for moving vehicles
                        • Cross briskly to avoid being run over by impatient motorists
                        • Beware of drivers turning where they are crossing
                        • Beware of drivers and cross carefully when the light is green
                        • Do not cross when is red. Only cross when the green man shows and when it is safe to do so.
                        • When the red man appears while you are in the middle of the road/street, continue crossing; but when you are still on the pavement, do not cross at all.

                        Most intersections have traffic lights which all road users - both motorists and pedestrians - have to obey.

                        • Do not cross when the light is red.
                        • Do not cross when the light shows amber/yellow.
                        • Cross when the light is green and if it is safe to do so.

                        5. Crossing Where There Is No Marking

                        Where there is no special place to cross, such as in rural areas, look for a straight stretch of road away from sharp bends or anything that blocks your view such as bushes, hills, slopes or rises. When you cross, you must be able to see clearly in both directions.

                        6. Pedestrian Bridges

                        Pedestrian Facilities such as pedestrian bridges are safe to use when crossing a busy road or a freeway. No pedestrian is allowed on a freeway. Where there are no pedestrian bridges ensure that you only cross when it is safe to do so. Keep on looking in both directions while crossing.

                        7. See And Be Seen

                        "See and Be Seen" is always the rule for crossing the street. This means that crossing suddenly in front of, behind or from between parked vehicles can get you killed. Watch what is happening. Establish eye contact with drivers passing parked or stationary vehicles where you want to cross. Make sure that they can see you - then take all the usual precautions before crossing the road. Never run across, and always cross in a straight line rather than crossing diagonally. Remember, the straightest is the shortest. Crossing at an angle means you are on the road for longer than necessary - and at greater risk of being hit. Jay-walking, which is how some pedestrians choose to take chances by crossing the street, between intersections and through moving traffic, is extremely dangerous. Even if you are super-alert, traffic moves faster than you - and you will be involved in an accident. Vehicles suddenly coming out of concealed driveways are always a danger if you are unobservant on the pavement. Always stop and look - EXPECT vehicles to drive out of driveways - especially when your view is obstructed by big walls or high objects like trucks or buses.

                        8. Crossing At A Marked Pedestrian Crossing

                        You are always safer at a marked pedestrian crossing, but even then, do not expect drivers to stop for you. They may not notice you or not watching properly. Always remember to stop, look for turning vehicles from ahead and behind you and make sure the traffic has stopped before you start crossing. Keep a good lookout all the time. Never run - walk briskly.

                        Part 3: Visibility

                        1. See And Be Seen

                        Wear white or light coloured clothing at night. In areas where there are no street lights, motorists cannot see you. You can also make yourself more visible to traffic by carrying a white object in your hand. Where there is no pavement, walk as far as possible to the right-hand side, facing oncoming traffic. Do not walk on the left side of the road because it is not safe and avoid the above actions all the time when you are walking on the road. In this way, you will see traffic approaching and you will be able to take action should motorists not see you or steer to avoid you. In rainy weather, carrying an open umbrella makes it difficult for you to see vehicles. To be safe, look everywhere, all the time.

                        Part 4: Alcohol and Drugs

                        1. Alcohol Affects All Parts of the Brain

                        Alcohol affects every part of the brain. So do most drugs. What you see and what you think you see become totally different things. Even ordinary movements, like getting up and walking, become difficult and hazardous. You are not in control of what you do - or of what is happening around you.

                        2. If You Have Been Drinking

                        If you have been drinking or taking drugs or medication, do not drive or walk on the road. Stay over where you are, get a lift, take a taxi home or ask someone who has not been drinking to take you home. It could save a life. Probably yours. Do not drink and walk.

                        3. Vision And Reaction Time

                        Alcohol has a negative effect on your coordination, hearing, sight and ability to judge speed and distance of oncoming vehicles.

                        4. No Quick Remedy to Sober Up

                        A lot of people believe that taking a cold shower, drinking black coffee, exposure to cold air or exercising can sober you up quickly. These are all untrue. The only safe and sure way to sober up is by sleeping. If you choose to drink, remember to eat sufficient food before and in-between your drinks. This at least slows down the effects of alcohol. Do not drink and walk.

                        Safety Commandments

                        • Don't Speed
                        • Don't Drink and Drive or Walk
                        • Don't Overload
                        • Wear your Seatbelt
                        • Ensure Driver and Vehicle Fitness
                        • Promote Pedestrian Safety

                        Compiled by

                        Section Education And Communication:

                        Division Road Traffic Management

                        Department of Transport - R.S.A

                        In conjunction with Provincial Departments of Transport

                        Also View:

                        Pedestrian Safety Manual

                        Running / Jogging and Road Safety

                        Walking in Traffic

                        Pedestrian Safety Advice

                        Road Safety & Pedestrian distractions while walking in traffic

                        Avoiding Pedestrians


                        Search Road Safety Articles

                        Latest Pages

                        Project Help and Road Safety

                        Project Help and Road Safety

                        Introduction On the Arrive Alive website and associated safety portals, we discuss how South Africans can be safe not only from road crashes and crime but also from medical incidents and other emergencies. Technology has become ever more important to summon fast and effective emergency assistance

                        Read More

                        Crime as a Threat to Road Safety in South Africa

                        Crime as a Threat to Road Safety in South Africa

                        South Africans live in a country blessed with beauty and diversity. We share a country with a colourful history having overcome rather significant and unique challenges. However proudly South African, we may be, we have to admit that we face serious challenges to safety daily in our homes, places

                        Read More

                        Roadside Assistance and Road Safety

                        Roadside Assistance and Road Safety

                        Introduction and History As long as there has been travel by road there has been a need for roadside assistance. The earliest formalized roadside assistance includes in the UK the Royal Automobile Club (RAC) (formed in 1897) and The Automobile Association (AA) (formed in 1905) offering repair services

                        Read More

                        Safety on the Road when Responding to an Emergency Call

                        Safety on the Road when Responding to an Emergency Call

                        Introduction With so much crime and road crash across South Africa daily, we need to consider the challenges facing our first responders. Do they manage to provide a response that is fast and effective while safe not only for other road users but also to themselves? We recently shared an afternoon

                        Read More

                        Emergency Response Time and Response to Road Crashes

                        Emergency Response Time and Response to Road Crashes

                        Few road users are aware of the factors that could determine the time needed to respond to a vehicle accident. It is important for road users to be aware of these factors as well as steps that they can take to assist emergency teams in responding swiftly to accidents. Emergency response providers have

                        Read More

                        Cellular Technology and Road Safety

                        Cellular Technology and Road Safety

                        Background Information The dangers of cellular phones to road safety are well debated and documented. It is an offence to hold and use a cellphone or other electronic communication device such as BlackBerry, Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) etc whilst driving. The only defense for a person charged

                        Read More

                        Load More Pages


                        View All