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                        Cholera

                        ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

                        CHOLERA

                        WHAT IS CHOLERA?

                        When a germ, found in contaminated ‘untreated water’ enters a person’s
                         body it results in a sickness known as Cholera.

                        HOW DOES THE CHOLERA GERM SPREAD?

                        • The most common spread of is through drinking contaminated water.
                        • This is followed by use of untreated water for household purposes e.g. to wash and cook food.
                        • By infecting anything touched if hands are not washed after every toilet visit.
                        • Contact with an infected person’s stools and/or contaminated clothing and bedding.
                        • Further contamination of water by washing contaminated items or throwing infected water back into main source e.g. river.

                        WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHOLERA?

                        • Constant runny stomach, mostly painless but very watery.
                        • Muscle cramps, especially in the legs and arms.
                        • The skin feels cold and looks wrinkled
                        • The body loses water, natural salts and sugars because of diarrhoea and vomiting.  If these elements are not replaced, a person will dehydrate very quickly.
                        • Dehydration is very dangerous and could lead to coma and death within a few hours!

                        HOW CAN CHOLERA BE AVOIDED?

                        • Always drink only “treated water’ i.e. boiled or disinfected.
                        • Only eat food that is well cooked and eat it while it is still warm.   

                         

                         

                        • Only use ‘treated water’ to wash and cook fruit and vegetables before eating and where possible, avoid raw or unpeeled fruit and vegetables.    

                         

                         

                         

                        • Do not wash in streams, rivers or dams – rather use facilities provided at Truck Stops.
                        • Wash your hands before and after working with food.
                        • Always wash your hands after using the toilet.

                         

                         

                        HOW TO MAKE SURE THAT DRINKING WATER IS SAFE:

                        Boil water for at least ten minutes and leave to cool before drinking
                        OR
                        Add 1 teaspoon of Jik or Javell to 25 litres of water.

                         


                        HOW TO HELP SOMEONE WITH CHOLERA:

                        Mix one litre of clean, boiled water with 8 level teaspoons of sugar and ? level teaspoon of salt.

                         

                        Start to give them as much of this mixture as possible, at least two cups after each stool and seek professional medical attention immediately.

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